Why was the study conducted?
Family Centered Care is seen as a cornerstone of todays care. Nurses are viewed as a key element for family centered care to succeed. Nevertheless, there is insufficient clarity on needed competencies. This is detrimental to implementation of family centered care, research and education.
The primary goal of our study is the analysis and description of different viewpoints of healthcare professionals on the competencies. These insight can guide education and research and bring clarity to professionals about what can and may be expected of nurses.
Another important merit of our study is the creation of a list of competencies based on a rigourous review of the literature
Our study is the result of the collaboration of researchers from three universities: the Menzies health institute at Griffith university in Australia and the Amsterdam UMC and RaboudUMC in the Netherlands.
We are using Q-methodology for this study. A description of this methodology can be found here. Q-methodology is used to detect and analyse patterns in (subjective) opinions people hold.
Phases of the study
Phase 1: building a set of competencies (the Q-set)
Based on an integrative review of the literature we compiled a set of 72 competencies for family centered care. In Q-methodology this set is called the ‘Q-set’..
Phase 2: selecting the participants (the P-set)
In phase 2 we selected participants from different nursing fields. In Q-methodology this set is called the ‘P-set’. Sixtynine participants from Australia and the Netherlands participated.
Phase 3: ranking the competenties
Participants ranked the competencies using a website that is custom made for this study. They used what is called a ‘Q-sort’. The website can be found here.
Phase 4: analysing the data
Using the program KADE we analysed our data. This led to a ranked set of competencies, that can be found in our open-access publication
The open-access publication of our study can be found in Journal of Advanced Nursing